Preview Extract

John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Publishers Since 1807
READ IMPORTANT LICENSE INFORMATION
Dear Professor or Other Authorized User:
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (โWileyโ) has produced the attached solutions manual or other copyrighted
material (the โSupplementโ) solely for use by professors and other authorized users in the manner
provided below. Wiley has established these use limitations in response to concerns raised by professors
and other authorized users regarding the pedagogical problems stemming from unlimited distribution of
Supplements.
If the attached Supplement was delivered to you by Wiley or its representatives or if you are a professor
of a course that has adopted the textbook to which the Supplement relates (the โCourseโ), then you are an
authorized user of the Supplement. As an authorized user. Wiley grants you a non-transferable license to
use the Supplement subject to the following conditions. The Supplement is for your personal use only,
except that you may post the Supplement (or portions thereof) on a password protected website or
otherwise provide the Supplement (or portions thereof) to students of the Course so long as such students
are advised that they may not copy or distribute the Supplement to any third party. The Supplement may
only be used in connection with Courses for which the related textbook has been adopted. You should
take reasonable steps to protect the Supplement from unauthorized use, reproduction, or distribution.
Your use of the Supplement indicates your acceptance of the conditions set forth in this Agreement. If
you do not accept these conditions, you must return the Supplement unused within 30 days of receipt.
All rights (including without limitation, copyrights, patents and trade secrets) in the Supplement are and
will remain the sole and exclusive property of Wiley and/or its licensors. The Supplement is furnished by
Wiley on an โas isโ basis without any warranties, express or implied. This Agreement will be governed by
and construed pursuant to the laws of the State of New York, without regard to such Stateโs conflict of
law rules.
We hope that you find the Supplement useful.
Sincerely,
JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC.
Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for
testing or instructional purposes only to students enrolled in courses for which the textbook,
Fundamentals of Machine Component Design by Robert C. Juvinall and Kurt M. Marshek has been
adopted. Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections 107 or 108
of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.
SOLUTION (RP2.1)
Known: A 1800 rpm motor is rotating a blower at 6000 rpm through a gear box having a known weight.
Find: Determine all loads acting on the gear box when the motor output is 1 hp, and sketch the gear box
as a free-body in equilibrium.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The friction losses in the gear box are negligible.
Analysis:
1. From Eq. (1.3), T =
5252 ๏ W 5252(1)
=
n
1800
T = 2.92 lbยทft = 35.01 lbยทin. (motor shaft)
๏ฆ 1800 rpm ๏ถ
๏ท = 10.50 lb ๏ in. (to blower)
๏จ 6000 rpm ๏ธ
2. To the blower, T = 35.01 ๏ง
3. Mounting torque reaction = 35.01 โ 10.50 = 24.51 lbยทin.
2-2
4. Mounting forces = 24.51 lbยทin./ 10 in. = 2.45 lb. The mounting force acts upward at A and downward
at B.
5. Add 10 lb acting upward at A and B to support the gravity load, giving 12.45 lb upward at A and 7.55
lb upward at B.
2-3
SOLUTION (2.1)
Known: The motor operates at constant speed and develops a torque of 100 lb-in. during normal
operation. A 5:1 ratio gear reducer is attached to the motor shaft; i.e., the reducer output shaft rotates in
the same direction as the motor but at one-fifth the motor speed. Rotation of the reducer housing is
prevented by the โtorque arm,โ pin-connected at each end as shown in Fig. P2.1. The reducer output shaft
drives the load through a flexible coupling. Gravity and friction can be neglected.
Find: Determine the loads applied to (a) the torque arm, (b) the motor output shaft, and (c) the reducer
output shaft.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The friction losses in the gear box are negligible.
Analysis:
1. The force in the torque arm is 80 lb tension.
2. The loads on the reducer input shaft are 100 lb in. torque, plus 80 lb vertical load and 640 in lb
bending moment in the plane of the motor face.
3. The load on the reducer output shaft is 500 lb in. torque.
2-4
SOLUTION (RP2.2)
Known: An electric fan motor supported by mountings at A and B delivers a known torque to fan blades
which, in turn, push air forward with a known force.
Find: Determine all loads acting on the fan and sketch it as a free-body in equilibrium.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The gravity forces can be ignored.
Analysis:
1. The torque exerted on the blades by the wind is 2 Nยทm counterclockwise.
2. Mounting forces = (2 Nยทm)/(0.1 m) = 20 N. Thus, 20 N is exerted upward at A and downward at B.
2-5
SOLUTION (2.2)
Known: A pump is driven by a motor integrally attached to a gear reducer. Shaft C is attached to Cโฒ, face
A is attached to Aโฒ, and face B is attached to Bโฒ.
Find: Sketch the connecting tube and show all loads acting on it.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The components are in static equilibrium.
Analysis:
1. From Eq. (1.2), motor torque, T =
9549 ๏ W 9549(1.5)
=
= 7.96 N ๏ m
n
1800
2. Reducer output torque = Pump input torque = 7.96(4) = 31.84 Nยทm
2-6
SOLUTION (RP2.3)
Known: An engine and propeller rotate clockwise viewed from the propeller end. A reduction gear
housing is bolted to the engine housing through the bolt holes shown. The power and angular velocity of
the engine are known.
Find:
(a)
(b)
(c)
Determine the direction and magnitude of the torque applied to the engine housing by the reduction
gear housing.
Determine the magnitude and direction of the torque reaction tending to rotate (roll) the aircraft.
Find an advantage of using opposite-rotating engines with twin-engine propeller-driven aircraft.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The friction losses are negligible.
Analysis:
1. From Eq. (1.3), engine torque, T =
5252 ๏ W 5252(150)
=
= 219 lb ft
n
3600
2. Reduction gear torque, T = 219(1.5) = 328 lb ft
2-7
3. The attachment forces apply an equal and opposite torque of 328 lbยทft ccw tending to โrollโ the
airplane–see (*) in the above figure.
4. Thus, the torque applied to the engine housing by the reduction gear housing is 109 lb ft counterclockwise, and the torque reaction tending to rotate the aircraft is 328 lb ft counter-clockwise.
โ
5. Torque reactions applied to the air frame by the two engines cancel. (This produces bending in the
connecting structure, but does not require a compensating roll torque from the aerodynamic control
surfaces.)
โ
2-8
SOLUTION (2.3)
Known: A gear reduction unit and a propeller of an outboard boat operate with a known motor torque and
a known thrust.
Find: Show all external loads acting on the assembly.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The effects of gravity and friction are negligible.
2-9
Analysis:
2-10
SOLUTION (RP2.4)
Known: A rider is applying full weight to one pedal of a bicycle.
Find: Draw as free-bodies in equilibrium:
(a) The pedal, crank, and pedal sprocket assembly.
(b) The rear wheel and sprocket assembly.
(c) The front wheel.
(d) The entire bicycle and rider assembly.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumptions:
1. The bicycle can be treated as a two-dimensional machine.
2. The bicycle weight is negligible.
Analysis:
1. For the pedal, crank, and pedal sprocket assembly, the chain force is F = 800(160/100) = 1280 N
2-11
2. For the rear wheel and sprocket assembly,
rear wheel gravity load = 800(440/1000) = 352 N
rear wheel friction force = 1280(40/330) = 155.2 N
horizontal bearing force = 1280 + 155.2 = 1435.2 N
3. For the front wheel, front wheel gravity load = 800(560/1000) = 448 N
4. For the entire bicycle and rider assembly, the drawing is given below.
2-12
Comments: The drawing does not show the rearward 155.2 N inertia force necessary to establish
๏ฅ FH = 0 . It would be located thru the center of gravity of the cycle-plus-rider, the location of which is
not given. Since this vector would be at some distance โhโ above the ground, the resulting counter
clockwise couple, 155.2 h, would be balanced by decreasing the vertical force on the front wheel and
increasing the vertical force on the rear wheel, both by (155.2 h/1000) N.
2-13
SOLUTION (2.4)
Known: A bevel gear reducer with known input and output angular velocity is driven by a motor
delivering a known torque of 12 Nยทm. The reducer housing is held in place by vertical forces applied at
mountings A, B, C and D.
Find: Determine the forces applied to the reducer at each of the mountings:
(a) Assuming 100% reducer efficiency.
(b) Assuming 95% reducer efficiency.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The bevel gear reducer is in static equilibrium.
Analysis:
2-14
SOLUTION (RP2.5)
Known: A motor applies a known torque to the pinion shaft of a spur gear reducer.
Find: Sketch free-bodies in equilibrium for
(a) The pinion and shaft assembly.
(b) The gear and shaft assembly.
(c) The housing.
(d) The entire reducer assembly.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumptions:
1. The effect of gravity is negligible.
2. The forces between the gears act tangentially.
2-15
Analysis:
2-16
SOLUTION (2.5)
Known: An engine rotates with a known angular velocity and delivers a known torque to a transmission
which drives a front and rear axle.
Find: Determine the forces applied to the free-body at A, B, C, and D.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumptions:
1.
The friction and gravity forces are negligible.
2.
The mountings exert only vertical forces.
3.
All four wheels have full traction.
2-17
Analysis:
(Engine torque)(Transmission ratio)
Number of drive shafts
= (100)(2)/2 = 100 lb ft
1.
Drive shaft torque =
2.
Wheel torque =
(Drive shaft torque)(Axle ratio)
Number of wheels per drive shaft
= (100)(3)/2 = 150 lb ft
โ
โ
โ
โ
3. Therefore, A: 150 lb down
B: 150 lb up
C: 100 lb down
D: 100 lb up
2-18
SOLUTION (2.6)
Known: A gear exerts the same known force on each of two geometrically different steel shafts supported
by self-aligning bearings at A and B.
Find: Draw shear and bending moment diagrams for each shaft.
Schematic and Given Data:
Analysis:
2-19
SOLUTION (RP2.6)
Known: A pulley of known radius is attached at its center to a structural member. A cable wrapped 90ยฐ
around the pulley carries a known tension.
Find:
(a) Draw a free-body diagram of the structure supporting the pulley.
(b) Draw shear and bending moment diagrams for both the vertical and horizontal portions of the
structure.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The weight of the pulley and the supporting structure is negligible.
Analysis:
1. Free-body diagram of the structural member:
M = 100 (27+48) = 7500 lb in.
2-20
2. Vertical portion of member:
3. Horizontal portion of member:
2-21
SOLUTION (RP2.7)
Known: A bevel gear is attached to a shaft supported by self-aligning bearings at A and B, and is driven
by a motor. The axial force, radial force, and tangential force are known.
Find:
(a) Draw (to scale) axial load, shaft torque, shear force, and bending moment diagrams for the shaft.
(b) Determine the values of axial load and torque along the shaft.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumptions:
1. The weight of the gear and shaft is negligible.
2. The bearing at A takes all the thrust load.
Analysis:
(a) Since bearing B carries no axial thrust load, Bx = 0. A free body diagram of the bevel gear and shaft
is:
2-22
From force equilibrium:
600(40) โ 1000(50)
= โ260 N
100
2. ๏ฅ Fy = 0 : A y โ 600 + B y = 0; A y = 860 N
1.
๏ฅ M ZA = 0 : B y =
3.
๏ฅ M yA = 0 : (2000)(40) โ (B Z )(100) = 0; B Z = 800 N
4. ๏ฅ M xx = 0 : Tx โ (2000)(50) = 0; Tx = 100,000 N mm
5.
๏ฅ Fx = 0 : Ax โ 1000 N = 0; Ax = 1000 N
6.
๏ฅ FZ = 0 : AZ + BZ โ 2000 = 0; Az = 1200 N
The answers are:
2-23
(b)
The compressive force between the gear and the bearing A is 1000 N. The torque between the gear
and the bearing B is 50 mm times the tangential gear force, Ft. For Ft = 2000 N, this torque is (2
kN)(50 mm) = 100 Nยทm.
2-24
SOLUTION (2.7)
Known: The shaft with bevel gear is supported by self-aligning bearings A and B. Gear loads are known.
Find: Draw axial load, shaft torque, shear force, and bending moment diagrams for the shaft.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumptions:
1. The weight of the gear and shaft is negligible.
2. The bearing at A takes all the thrust load.
Analysis: A free body diagram of the shaft with bevel gear is:
2-25
Force equilibrium requires:
100(100) โ 200(50)
=0N
200
2. ๏ฅ Fy = 0 : A y โ 200 + B y = 0; A y = 200 N
1.
๏ฅ M ZA = 0 : B y =
3.
๏ฅ M yA = 0 : (1000)(50) โ (B Z )(200) = 0; B Z = 250 N
4.
๏ฅ M xx = 0 : Tx โ (1000)(100) = 0; Tx = 100 N m
5.
๏ฅ Fx = 0 : Ax โ 100 = 0; Ax = 100 N
6.
๏ฅ FZ = 0 : AZ + BZ โ 1000 = 0; Az = 750 N
The answers are:
2-26
2-27
SOLUTION (2.8)
Known: A static force, F, is applied to the tooth of a gear that is keyed to a shaft.
Find: Identify the stresses in the key, and write an equation for each. State the assumptions, and discuss
briefly their effects.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The compressive forces on each side of the key are uniform.
Analysis:
1.
Compression on key sides
t๏ถ
๏ฆ
๏ง ๏ณc ๏ L ๏ ๏ท r ๏ป FR;
2๏ธ
๏จ
Hence, ๏ณc ๏ป
2FR
or more precisely,
(L) (t ) (r)
t๏ฆ
t๏ถ
๏ณc L ๏ ๏ง r โ ๏ท = F R
2๏จ 4๏ธ
so, ๏ณc =
2FR
Lt (r โ t/4)
2-28
2.
Key shear
ฯ (bL)r = FR; hence, ฯ =
FR
bLr
Comment: The compressive forces on each side of the key will most probably not be uniform because of
key cocking.
SOLUTION (RP2.8)
Known: A screw with a square thread is transmitting axial force F through a nut with n threads engaged.
Find: Identify the types of stresses in the threaded portion of the screw and write an equation for each.
State the assumptions made, and discuss briefly their effect.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The assumptions will be stated in the analysis section.
Analysis:
1. Compression at interface. Assuming uniform stress distribution, we have
๏ณ=
F
๏ฐ(D โ d)n
โ
2-29
(The bending of the thread would tend to concentrate the stress toward the inside diameter and also
produce a tensile stress at the thread root. Geometric inaccuracy may concentrate the load at one portion
of a thread.)
2. Shear at the base of threads. Assuming uniform distribution of ฯ across the cylindrical failure surface,
we have
๏ด=
F
๏ฐdnt
โ
(The stress concentration would create a higher stress in the thread root. The effect of thread helix angle is
neglected.)
2-30
SOLUTION (2.9)
Known: A total gas force F is applied to the top of a piston.
Find:
(a)
(b)
Copy the drawing and sketch the force paths through the piston, through the piston pin, and into the
connecting rod.
Identify the stresses in the piston pin and write an equation for each. State the assumptions made,
and discuss briefly their effect.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The assumptions are stated in the analysis section.
Analysis:
1. Compression with piston and with rod: ๏ณ =
2. Transverse shear stress, ๏ด =
Force
F*
=
P rojected area 2ad
2F ๏
(for a solid pin)
ฯd 2
3. Bending of pin (stresses depend on fit and rigidity of the members.)
*
ฮ
Assumes uniform axial distribution of stress which would not be strictly true due to pin bending.
Assumes uniform stress distribution. Actual stresses may be greater at top and bottom.
2-31
โ
โ
SOLUTION (RP2.9)
Known: A force P is applied to an engine crankshaft by a connecting rod. The shaft is supported by main
bearings A and B. Torque is transmitted to an attached member through flange F.
Find:
(a)
(b)
(c)
Draw the shaft, and show all loads necessary to place it in equilibrium as a free-body.
Starting with P and following the force paths through the shaft to the flange, identify the locations
of potentially critical stresses.
Making appropriate simplifying assumptions, write an equation for each.
Schematic and Given Data:
Analysis:
1. Where โPโ is applied to the crankpin, the compressive stress (assuming uniform stress distribution) is
given by:
๏ณ=
P
= P /DL
P rojected Area
2-32
2. The shear stress at section 2 (assuming uniform stress distribution) is:
๏ด =
P
2P
: ฯ=
2
2 ฯ(D โ d )/4
ฯ(D 2 โ d 2 )
2
3. The shear stress at section 3 (assuming a uniform distribution): ฯ = P/2tA
4. The torsional stress at section 4 (neglecting stress concentration):
๏ด =
Tc
(P R)(D/2)
16P RD
=
=
4
4
๏ฐ
J
(D 4 โ d 4 ) ๏ฐ(D โ d )
32
5. The shear stress at cylindrical section 5:
๏ด =
T
2P R
=
๏ฐDf(D/2) ๏ฐD 2 f
6. Bending stresses are also present, the magnitudes of which depend on rigidities of the shaft and
associated components, and on the fits between these components.
2-33
SOLUTION (2.10)
Known: A โTโ bracket, attached to a fixed surface by four bolts, is loaded at point E.
Find:
(a)
(b)
Copy the drawing and sketch paths of force flow going to each bolt.
Determine the division of load among the four bolts.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumptions
1. The T-bracket deflection is negligible.
2. The stiffness between point E and the plate through bolts B and C is twice the stiffness between point
E and the plate through bolts A and D.
2-34
Analysis:
1. The force flow is shown in the above schematic.
2. If all โspringsโ deflect equally, bolts โBโ and โCโ each carry twice the load of bolts โAโ and โDโ.
2-35
SOLUTION (RP2.10)
Known: A stiff horizontal bar, supported by four identical springs, is subjected to a known center load.
Find: Determine the load applied to each spring.
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The k of the horizontal bar is much greater than the k of the springs.
Analysis:
1.
2.
3.
The upper springs each deflect only half as much as the lower springs, hence they carry only half as
much load.
Let L = load carried by each lower spring. Then,
2L + L/2 = 100 N and L = 40 N
In summary, the lower springs carry 40 N, the upper springs 20 N.
โ
2-36
SOLUTION (RP2.11)
Known: Two plates are joined with straps and a single row of rivets (or bolts). Plates, straps, and rivets
are all made of ductile steel having yield strengths in tension, compression, and shear of 284, 284, and
160 MPa respectively.
Find:
(a)
(b)
(c)
Calculate the force F that can be transmitted across the joint per pitch P, of joint width, based on the
rivet shear strength.
Determine minimum values of t, tโฒ, and P that will permit the total joint to transmit this same force
(thus giving a balanced design).
Determine the efficiency of the joint (ratio of joint strength to strength of a continuous plate).
Schematic and Given Data:
Assumption: The frictional forces between the plates and straps are negligible.
Analysis:
(a)
Each pitch involves transmitting force โFโ through 1 rivet in double shear:
๏ฆ ๏ฐd 2 ๏ถ
2
F = 2๏ง
๏ท ๏ S ys = 2 (25๏ฐ mm )(160 MPa) = 25,133 N
4
๏จ
๏ธ
(b)
โ
For plate and strap to have equal tensile strength and equal compressive strength (at rivet interface),
t = 2tโฒ.
2-37
(c)
The compressive load carrying capacity (at rivet interface) is
F = Projected area ยท Syc:
25,133 N = 10 t mm2 ยท 284 MPa. Hence, t = 8.85 mm; tโฒ = 4.425 mm.
โ
The tensile load carrying capacity (at rivet interface) is F = (P โ 10) t ยท Syt :
25,133 N = (P โ 10)(8.85) mm2 ยท 284 MPa.
Hence, P = 20 mm.
โ
Efficiency =
Joint strength
25,133
=
=
Strength of a continuous plate Syt (t )(P )
25,133
= 0.50 = 50%
(284 MPa )(8.85 mm )(20 mm )
โ
2-38

## Document Preview (38 of 679 Pages)

You are viewing preview pages of the document. Purchase to get full access instantly.

-37%

### Solution Manual For Fundamentals of Machine Component Design, 7th Edition

$18.99 ~~$29.99~~Save:$11.00(37%)

24/7 Live Chat

Instant Download

100% Confidential

Store

##### Emma Johnson

0 (0 Reviews)

## Best Selling

The World Of Customer Service, 3rd Edition Test Bank

$18.99 ~~$29.99~~Save:$11.00(37%)

Chemistry: Principles And Reactions, 7th Edition Test Bank

$18.99 ~~$29.99~~Save:$11.00(37%)

Test Bank for Hospitality Facilities Management and Design, 4th Edition

$18.99 ~~$29.99~~Save:$11.00(37%)

Solution Manual for Designing the User Interface: Strategies for Effective Human-Computer Interaction, 6th Edition

$18.99 ~~$29.99~~Save:$11.00(37%)

Test Bank for Strategies For Reading Assessment And Instruction: Helping Every Child Succeed, 6th Edition

$18.99 ~~$29.99~~Save:$11.00(37%)

Data Structures and Other Objects Using C++ 4th Edition Solution Manual

$18.99 ~~$29.99~~Save:$11.00(37%)